The Giant Match was a collaborationbetween The French Institute and theWits School of Fine Art, as part of the2010 Fifa World Cup festivities. (Image: French Institute)MEDIA CONTACTS • Sigrid Hueber Communications: Saisons, French Institute +27 82 332 3398 or +43 676 378 3125 • Guy de la Chevalerie Cultural adviser, French Embassy in SA +27 12 425 1711 RELATED ARTICLES • SA, France toast to wine exchange • Zuma in France to strengthen ties • Festival to showcase Franschhoek • SA-China trade ties to strengthenEmily van RijswijckThe long-standing relationship between France and South Africa will be further strengthened over the next two years when the Saisons croisées France-Afrique du Sud 2012/2013 formally kicks off in June this year.The exchange programme was set up at the instigation of presidents Jacob Zuma and Nicolas Sarkozy, who met in France in March 2011.It follows from successful Saisons croisées which have already taken place between France and India, Russia and Brazil.Engagements between South Africa and France will be reciprocal in nature and involve a range of cultural and artistic activities, and also touching on commerce, investment, science and technology, tourism, sport and education.Alain Juppé, the French foreign affairs minister, shared details of the programme with South Africans during his visit to the country in November 2011, when he attended the inauguration of the new premises of the French Institute of South Africa in Braamfontein, Johannesburg.After many years of renting facilities, the French Institute finally decided to acquire permanent premises, a testimony to France’s “desire to make cultural and scientific cooperation part of a long term vision”, said Juppé.Programme so farThe French Saisons croisées will run from June to November 2012 throughout South Africa, particularly in the bigger cities of Johannesburg, Pretoria, Cape Town, Durban and Port Elizabeth.Popular cultural events such as the National Arts Festival in Grahamstown, Johannesburg’s Art Fair and Food Wine Design Fair, and the Durban International Film Festival will benefit from the collaboration.Galleries and theatres, among them the South African National Gallery in Cape Town, the Standard Bank Gallery in Johannesburg, the State Theatre in Pretoria, and the Soweto Theatre will work with French delegations during this time.“For France, it will be an opportunity to show the South African public the modernity, creativity and diversity of the French language and culture,” said Juppé, “and will show decision-makers and students that our country is an attractive, reliable and committed partner.”Private and public projects by institutions or individuals wishing to participate in the Saisons can contact the French Institute for more information.In turn South Africa will be given the chance to show off its cultural diversity and advancement in many different fields at the Saisons croisées Afrique du Sud from June to November 2013 in France.Major French cities like Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Bordeaux and Toulouse will benefit from the exchange.Clegg and MakebaSouth African artists are no strangers to French audiences. The ever-popular Johnny Clegg and the late Miriam Makeba successfully conquered the hearts of the French with their African musical styles.Known as Le Zoulou Blanc (the White Zulu), Clegg is a regular visitor to the country – he last toured France in 2011 – while Makeba was an honorary French citizen.The late Gerard Sekoto, an artist who was much revered by French art lovers and who spent 40 years in exile in that country, was honoured by the French government on several occasions.More recently, in June 2011, South African artist Nicolaas Maritz was one of five winners chosen by French NGO Dessine l’espoir for his HIV awareness poster Love the one you’re with. The NGO’s poster competition sought artwork to use in an Aids awareness campaign.Juppé said the exchange will let South Africa prove to the French that the traditional image they have of this country is a thing of the past, and show off the new South Africa, a modern and dynamic democratic state, which plays a role in world stability.France in South AfricaIn 2012 the International Federation of Teachers of French (FIPF) meets for the first time on South African soil, and for that matter in the southern hemisphere.More than 2 000 delegates are expected to attend the 13th FIPF Congress, taking place at the International Convention Centre in Durban from 23 to 27 July.FIPF president Jean-Pierre Cuq said on the IntoFrench website that the decision to hold the congress in Durban was unanimous. The city’s enthusiastic and professional presentation showed that “they were the best candidate”.France made its first formal institutional commitment to South Africa with the opening of the French Institute a year after the country’s first democratic elections in 1994. Its mandate to promote cultural and intellectual links with South Africa remains firm, said Juppé.It’s easy to learn French in South Africa, with 14 Alliances Françaises and three French schools – the Lycée Jules Verne in Johannesburg and its Miriam Makeba satellite in Pretoria, and Ecole François le Vaillant in Cape Town.Alliance Française also operates in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, while the Campus France South Africa helps students of the French language to continue their studies in France.“French culture wants to be present wherever the vibrant South Africa is transforming and modernising,” said Juppé.
South Africans queue to pay their respects to Nelson Mandela as his remains lie in state at the Union Buildings in December 2013. Jacob Zuma dedicated the Twenty Year Review document to Madiba, South Africa’s first democratically elected president. (Image: GCIS)Staff writerAt the launch of South Africa’s Twenty Year Review in Pretoria on Tuesday 11 March, President Jacob Zuma dedicated the document to Nelson Mandela, who died in December. The review reflects on the successes made in the country over the two decades since the end of apartheid, and the work still to be done.Mandela’s administration as first democratic president of South Africa, Zuma said, “laid the foundation for the transformation of our country from being the skunk of the world to a non-racial, non-sexist, thriving and vibrant constitutional democracy”.The review document, prepared by the Presidency, “is our contribution to the celebration and discussions about the progress made, and work that still needs to be done to move South Africa forward,” Zuma said.“The Twenty Year Review is packed with facts and figures to support its analysis and it is honest and frank in its approach.“Where the facts indicate that we have made progress, we say so, and where the facts indicate that we have challenges and have made mistakes, we also say so.”Watch the launch of the Twenty Year Review in Pretoria on Tuesday 11 March:The full speechThe year 2014 represents a historic milestone of 20 years of freedom and democracy in our country.It is an occasion to reflect on what has been achieved in our country over the past 20 years, by South Africans working together.We have the honour today to release the Presidency’s 20 Year Review, which is our contribution to the celebration and discussions about the progress made, and work that still needs to be done to move South Africa forward.We have had 10-year and 15-year reviews before, which cumulatively contributed to the review document we are launching today.The Twenty Year Review is packed with facts and figures to support its analysis and it is honest and frank in its approach.Where the facts indicate that we have made progress, we say so, and where the facts indicate that we have challenges and have made mistakes, we also say so.We are releasing the Review just two months after the passing of the first President of a democratic South Africa, His Excellency Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.His administration laid the foundation for the transformation of our country from being the skunk of the world to a non-racial, non-sexist, thriving and vibrant constitutional democracy.You will note that the sky on the cover picture of the Review document displays a beautiful rainbow. The picture was taken at the Union Buildings on the second day of Tata Madiba’s lying in state at the Nelson Mandela Amphitheatre.We experienced a brisk storm that afternoon, followed quickly by that rainbow which brightened the sky, as if to remind us of the united rainbow nation that Madiba wanted us to be, always.We humbly dedicate this Review to Madiba.‘An inspiration to the people of the world’Given the manner in which we were able to pull our country back from the brink of disaster, South Africa is an inspiration to peoples elsewhere in the world who are seeking the resolution of serious conflicts. We are proud of this remarkable achievement.At a political level, we have consolidated our democracy and built strong institutions as the Review indicates.We have representative legislatures, an independent judiciary, independent public audit, an independent Reserve Bank, and independent constitutional bodies to provide checks and balances and protect the rights of citizens.Thanks to our progressive Constitution, we enjoy freedom of movement and of association, the right to own property, the right not to be detained without trial, freedom of expression and freedom of the press, religious freedom and freedom of sexual orientation.Women have equal rights before the law which did not exist before 1994.Workers have 20 years of enjoying rights including trade union workplace organising, collective bargaining, equal pay for equal work, health and safety, affirmative action, skills development, minimum wages for workers in vulnerable sectors, the right to strike, and the right to peaceful protest.All South Africans have the right to assemble, to demonstrate, to picket and to present petitions, provided this is done peacefully and unarmed.The Review provides evidence of progress also in socioeconomic transformation.The inherited apartheid legacyBut, the legacy of apartheid that we inherited runs deep and still persists.I will mention just a few examples of what we inherited, before giving some highlights of progress made.The systematic dispossession of land under both colonialism and apartheid has left us with highly skewed racial distribution in land ownership and agricultural production as well as a struggling smallholder farming sector.The system of reserves which was introduced under colonialism and later reinforced as homelands under apartheid left a legacy of poverty and underdevelopment in former homeland rural areas.The homeland system was also linked to the migrant labour system. This is one of the root causes of the unrest which we are currently experiencing in our mining sector.Racial segregation was also enforced in urban areas. In this regard, one of the biggest challenges which the democratic government has faced has been how to address the entrenched apartheid spatial patterns.For example, many poor people live in townships which are far from their places of work, costing them more to get to work than those with the means.We are also still dealing with the impact of the Bantu education system which was designed to keep the black majority confined to unskilled labour.The provision of public health services and basic services such as water, sanitation, electricity and waste removal was also prioritised in white residential areas.This has caused a legacy of enormous backlogs in the infrastructure required to deliver these services.Progress made in 20 yearsDespite this legacy, we have recorded progress in socio-economic transformation as well, as we indicated in the State of the Nation Address last month.On average, the economy has grown at 3.2% a year from 1994 to 2012.This is a marked improvement over pre-1994 growth rates.The number of people in employment grew by approximately 5.6-million between 1994 and 2013, or by 60%.However, this growth, while most welcome, is modest compared with other emerging economies.It has also not been adequate to meet the objective of reducing unemployment substantially.Understanding unemploymentThe Review indicates that the increase in the number of those employed has been offset by a larger increase in the number of people looking for work.The reasons for this include population growth. Another factor is increasing urbanisation, which in turn was partly a result of the dismantling of the homeland system and the removal of the pass laws.There are also increasing numbers of women looking for work, due to advances in gender equality, which is another achievement of democracy and freedom.The Review describes the major advances in gender equality that has been achieved since 1994.To move the country forward, government, business and labour need to work together towards sustaining higher economic growth rates in future in order to substantially reduce unemployment. This is emphasised in the National Development Plan.Positions of power in the economy have become more representative since 1994, encouraged by government’s black economic empowerment and affirmative action policies.These policies will continue until the structural characteristics of apartheid in terms of inequality in ownership, management and control of the economy as well as pay have been addressed.Building economic and service infrastructureSince the mid-2000s, government has placed increasing emphasis on economic infrastructure such as ports, rail, dams and power stations.Our growing economy and rising standards of living have resulted in increased demand for road, rail, port, water, electricity and telecommunications infrastructure.Over the past five years, investment in this infrastructure has dramatically increased further.Central coordination of infrastructure delivery, through the Presidential Infrastructure Coordination Commission has improved delivery and assists to remove bottlenecks faster.Investments in infrastructure will increase further, including on much needed social infrastructure such as water, electricity, sanitation, schools, colleges and housing amongst others.With regards to basic services, it is impressive that a number of municipalities which had little or no pre-existing institutional foundations, have been able to deliver basic services to thousands of people who did not have them before in the past two decades.Some of the municipalities were geared towards serving a minority before 1994.The focus is now on reaching communities that are still waiting, particularly in informal settlements in urban areas and in remote rural areas.More importantly, the focus is on improving the technical and management expertise of municipalities so that they can function better and also be able to maintain key infrastructure that supplies water and electricity to communities amongst other services.The Review describes the various interventions which are currently being implemented to address these challenges.Pro-poor policiesTo fight poverty and inequality, as illustrated in detail in the review, a range of pro-poor government policies have been implemented since 1994, which is among South Africa’s key achievements.The result is that our country has achieved, or is on track to achieve, most of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals by 2015.Most of the achievements in reducing extreme levels of income poverty can be ascribed to government’s comprehensive social protection programme.This includes extensive income support programmes for close to 16-million orphans and vulnerable children, older persons and people with disability, among others.It also includes access to free education, primary health care and free basic services to indigent members of our society.Advances in educationI will mention a few examples in which South Africa has made progress.Over 8-million school children are now benefitting from no-fee policies.This has contributed to an increase in secondary school enrolment from 51% in 1994 to around 80% currently.About 9-million children are benefitting from the school feeding scheme and this has ensured that learners no longer have to study on an empty stomach.While backlogs in school infrastructure remain, thousands of schools have been built and connected to water and electricity supply since 1994. About 370 modern schools were built over the past five years alone.In 2009, we split the education departments into two, focusing on basic and higher education and training respectively, to ensure an intensive corrective focus in each sector.In the last five years, the Annual National Assessments (ANA) system was introduced to enable an objective assessment of the education system below Grade 12 for the first time.The relatively poor ANA results have demonstrated the extent of the apartheid damage. At the same time, the results also indicate that the system is starting to improve.University enrolment has almost doubled since 1994. There have also been huge increases in enrolments at further education and training (FET) colleges, following an intensive focus on these colleges in the past five years.The racial and gender composition of the student body has been markedly transformed since 1994.Government has been working on challenges in the FET sector to improve pass rates and change industry perceptions about the colleges.Investment in education is significant because education is central to development.It is the primary vehicle by which children of the poor can lift themselves out of poverty and obtain the means to participate meaningfully in the economy and in society.Access to healthcareAs most of you are aware, there have been great improvements in access to healthcare services as well since 1994.In addition to free basic health care, more than 1 500 healthcare facilities have been built and existing ones have been revitalised over the past 20 years.One of the major challenges that confronted the democratic government was the rapid rise in the HIV epidemic.The country’s improved response to HIV and AIDS and TB has resulted in dramatic improvements in health outcomes, such as increased life expectancy, reduced infant and child mortality rates, and tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes.South Africa’s HIV and AIDS response has now received international acclaim.There has also been a significant reduction in malaria cases and deaths due to malaria.Severe malnutrition has also significantly declined.Despite this progress, we must still improve the quality of care in the public health sector and also attend to the increasing private healthcare costs.Housing the peopleWith regards to housing, over the past 20 years, about 2.8-million government-subsidised houses and over 875 000 serviced sites were delivered.This enabled more than 12-million people access to accommodation and an asset. Fifty six percent of all housing subsidies allocated have been to woman-headed households.The proportion of people living in formal housing increased from 64% in 1996 to 77% in 2011.The land questionThe question of land remains a fundamental issue for those who were dispossessed in 1913.In 1994, 83% of agricultural land was owned by whites with only 17% being available to the black majority in the former homelands.Government introduced the Land Redistribution Programme in 1994.Since then, government has redistributed 9.4-million hectares of land, benefiting almost a quarter of a million people.The target had been 30% of the agricultural land owned by white South Africans.As the Review indicates, only 24% of black households are involved in agriculture, and very few commercial farms are owned by black people.A land audit has been completed which will assist to identify further land for reform purposes.Some laws are being finalised which will assist to improve the pace in the implementation of the land reform programme.These include improving land valuation mechanisms and also re-opening land claim opportunities for claimants who missed the opportunity in 1998.Fighting crime and corruptionWith regards to safety and security, the levels of serious crime and property crime have declined since 1994.However, crime levels remain high, particularly crime against vulnerable groups such as women and children which require continued intensive focus.A range of institutions, laws and measures have been put in place since 1994 to counter corruption.These are now being strengthened by implementing measures such as preventing public servants from doing business with the state and better management of the risks related to government procurement processes.Corruption is not only a public-sector problem and the country response has to include the private sector as well.Building the nationWe have made good progress in building social cohesion and promoting a new single national identity, and work is continuing in this regard.The biggest barrier to further increasing social cohesion is the remaining inequality in society which needs to be attended to further.Going forward, we should commit to working together further, to implement the National Development Plan to deal with remaining challenges and take our country forward.South Africa is a success story.South Africa is a good story.We have succeeded because of the hard work of all our people who contributed in various ways to rebuilding their country.We are honoured to place before the country this 20 Year Review which provides evidence in this regard.We humbly thank South Africans from all walks of life for their contribution to the successes that our country has scored.We also thank all those who participated in producing this 20 Year Review throughout the country.I invite South Africans to engage with this review.We trust that it will be useful in assessing the path we have travelled thus far, and in moving the country forward.Tribute to MadibaIn 1993, at former ANC President Oliver Tambo’s funeral, former President Nelson Mandela, stated; “Oliver Tambo has not died because the ideals of freedom, human dignity and a colour-blind respect for every individual cannot perish.”We say the same about Madiba.Tata has not died because the ideals he stood for will live forever.These ideals which are enshrined in the country’s Constitution and in the Freedom Charter, we will carry forward, as we continue our mission of building a united, non-racial, non-sexist and prosperous South Africa.I thank you.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest We started back in planting last Monday after two or three weeks. You could row the corn this morning already.We got done with everything for the first planting on Saturday and started replanting beans on Saturday. We had those big rains earlier and corn really struggled. That corn we planted the week of April 23 through 27, it was three weeks before it was up really good. We planted our Plenish beans that week too and all of those acres need another 125,000 on them because the beans couldn’t push through the ground crusting over. Most of that was on patterned tile ground too.We were fortunate with our 500 or 600 acres of corn we planted that week of April 23 and we only had about 40 acres that we needed to spot in. Some of that rotted, some of it leafed out underground and some of it just disappeared in the white clay.There are always a couple of days every year you shouldn’t plant and this year those days were April 27 and 28 before we got four inches of rain. The next couple of weeks we got more small rains and cool weather. We didn’t get good drying days until the week before last.We had a great run this last week and then Saturday we ended up getting a half inch to 1.2 inches. We needed about a half inch or so just to keep things going. East of us 10 miles it didn’t rain at all. I really feel for the guys west of us that have really been hammered with rain this spring.This area has been a really big replant area. There were a lot of guys jamming in crops that week of April 23. A lot of that corn planted on the 28th got torn out. We were fortunate we didn’t have to replant that much.Wheat is coming along really well. There were some early varieties starting in on the blister stage in the area. I would say by June 12 or 15 we will probably be in wheat harvest around here, unless it cools off. It looks pretty good.The new hog barn we put up is just a little over half full and everything seems to be running alright. They look to have it at full capacity here in the next couple of weeks.On our early-planted soybeans the bean leaf beetles are just running rampant. The one early field is the worst because it is the only field of beans planted in that area. They have had a feeding frenzy on them. We have had a little Pythium in the beans too.
markhachman Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… IT + Project Management: A Love Affair 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Related Posts Tags:#Microsoft Microsoft may be fined as early as January 2013 by the European Union for its failure to obey an earlier agreement to offer users a “browser choice” in Windows 7.The EU antitrust regulators are close to a decision that would be one of the first issued in 2013, EU antitrust chief Joaquin Almunia told reporters in a press conference today, as reported by Bloomberg. EU representatives were unavailable to provide further comment, and Microsoft declined to comment.In 2009, Microsoft agreed to include a randomized list of browser alternatives that users could install and set as the default, superseding Microsoft’s own Internet Explorer browser, if they so chose. The settlement agreement was good for five years, and covered versions of Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 that were sold within the European Union.The settlement agreement was originally crafted as a result of a 2009 “statement of objections,” legal concerns that Microsoft had violated what was then known as Article 82 of the EC Treaty, “abusing its dominant position in the market for client PC operating systems through the tying of Internet Explorer to Windows,” in the EU’s words.That conclusion was markedly different than Microsoft’s own saga with the U.S. Department of Justice, a years-long spat that began with the government accusing Microsoft of illegally tying Internet Explorer to Windows, led to a proposed breakup of the company, and finally to a settlement that ensured Microsoft would merely allow open access to its APIs through 2007.Oops, We Did It AgainIn July 2012, Microsoft admitted that it had somehow neglected to include the “browser choice” within Windows 7 Service Pack 1. “While we have taken immediate steps to remedy this problem, we deeply regret that this error occurred and we apologize for it,” the company said in a statement. Microsoft said at the time that it had begun distributing the browser choice screen, which listed a dozen alternatives to Internet Explorer, the next day. It also offered to extend the so-called BCS screen by an additional 15 months. Finally, Microsoft said it had hired outside counsel to determine how the potential error occurred. Microsoft again apologized in October, and said it would make changes in how browser choice was implemented in Windows 8.In October of this year, the EU sent Microsoft another statement of objections, this time in response to Microsoft’s July admission. It’s that statement of objections that could prompt fines – or at least an amended settlement.With potential fines ranging as high as 15% Microsoft’s annual sales for the EU region, it’s clear that Microsoft would much prefer the inconsequential result of offering the browser choice screen for a prolonged period of time. At this point, it matters less to the company how users view the Internet, just that they use Microsoft’s Bing search engine and view ads that Microsoft sells. The only real advantage of customers using Microsoft’s Internet Explorer is that it makes it easier to pushing them toward the company’s own search engine and ecosystem of services.EU: Tech WatchdogAlmunia also told reporters this week that the he expects Google to provide a “voluntary” Article 9 settlement under which the company would change its business practices, apparently to avoid steering users who search for a particular topic to its own services. The FTC is also reportedly near a similar settlement, but Politico reported that the EU’s decision to require Google to change its behavior would have a more powerful, longer-term impact on Google’s behavior.With the EU’s actions against Microsoft and Google, plus swift action in patent cases including Google’s Motorola unit, Samsung and Apple, the EU appears to be becoming the gateway for corporate behavior. Even if U.S. regulators allow companies like Microsoft to skate past their responsibilities, the EU has begun to step in and crack down.“This accentuates the lead role Europe has in setting standards for dominant firm behavior,” former FTC Chairman William Kovacic, immediate predecessor to current FTC chief Jon Leibowitz told Politico. “If the FTC does nothing more than say ‘Just tell us you’ll be good’ and the Europeans impose limitations as to how Google deploys their search product, it reinforces that Europe is the place to go to complain about dominant corporate behavior and get results.”
Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Conflict of schedule reason for nat’l team departure, says Daquis Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netSan Miguel may have won handily in Game 2 of the 2017 PBA Commissioner’s Cup Finals, 102-88, on Friday, but June Mar Fajardo remains wary against a motivated TNT side ahead of Game 3.“We didn’t expect this. But TNT is a strong team so we have to focus on our game plan for the next game,” he said in Filipino.ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano to unmask people behind ‘smear campaign’ vs him, SEA Games WATCH: Firefighters rescue baby seal found in parking garage World’s 50 Best Restaurants launches new drinking and dining guide MOST READ Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Though San Miguel equalized the best-of-seven series to one game apiece, Fajardo noted that there are areas of concern for the team.The biggest fault in the Beermen’s game was their lackadaisical start, where they fell to an early 17-0 hole before Arwind Santos came off the bench and spurred the rally.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“That’s one thing. We can’t start flat in the first quarter. If we could go hard, we should go hard immediately. We’re just lucky we still got the win,” he said.Fajardo, though, commended San Miguel’s defense after that forgettable six minute-stretch to open hostilities. What ‘missteps’? LATEST STORIES 1 dead in Cavite blast, fire Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken Locking down on defense after that sluggish start, the Beermen reversed the roles in the second frame, holding the KaTropa scoreless for seven minutes as they grabbed the lead and never looked back.“We had a better defense and it’s credit to my teammates,” he said. “They saw that I’m having a hard time defending TNT’s import and they helped me. Our coaching staff had a good adjustment, and kuya JayR (Reyes) and kuya Yancy (de Ocampo) taught me on how to defend the import better.”After two games, Fajardo knows the series is bound to be a chess match and San Miguel is expected to also make adjustments to be in a better position to snag the all-important Game 3 on Sunday.“We were able to adjust from what they did in Game 1, so we expect them to do the same for the next game. We’ll see what we can do more for Game 3,” he said.ADVERTISEMENT View comments