Nation Media Group Limited ( HY2013 Interim Report

first_imgNation Media Group Limited ( listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Printing & Publishing sector has released it’s 2013 interim results for the half year.For more information about Nation Media Group Limited ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Nation Media Group Limited ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Nation Media Group Limited ( 2013 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileNation Media Group Limited is an independent media house with operations in East and Central Africa. The company publishes and distributes a selection of printed newspapers and magazines and owns and runs radio and television broadcasting channels. Nation Media Group also produces digital media which accessible to private and public sectors in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania. The company aims to create and promote content which informs, educates and entertains its target markets across different media platforms. The media group was founded in 1959 and its head office is in Nairobi, Kenya. Nation Media Group Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

House of Deputies president on DOMA, Prop 8 rulings

first_img Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Donna-Mae Siderius says: Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Rector Smithfield, NC Rector Tampa, FL President of the House of Deputies, Rector Hopkinsville, KY Submit an Event Listing Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Washington, DC Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Richard Bidwell says: Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Human Sexuality, Marriage Equality, June 29, 2013 at 9:38 am As our Brothers and Sisters come forward to ask to have a Marriage ceremony in their church, how will we answer them? Will they have a Marriage with a J.P., then come to their churches for a BlessingLet us move on quickly to a revised version of the marriage ceremony so that all may be included. Rector Pittsburgh, PA Prop8-Doma, Tags Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Comments are closed. [Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs press release] The Rev. Gay Clark Jennings, President of the House of Deputies of The Episcopal Church, issued this statement in response to the United States Supreme Court’s rulings that the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional and that same-sex marriage can resume in California:“I join with millions of Christians across the country in celebrating today’s Supreme Court rulings that extend equal protection under federal law to all marriages and allow marriage equality to resume in California. We are moving ever closer to civil laws that recognize the God-given dignity and equality of our lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender sisters and brothers.“Today’s rulings will allow more people of all faiths to see what we in the Episcopal Church have seen for decades: Same-sex couples and their families are evidence of the goodness of God’s creation. They bless our congregations and communities immeasurably, and we have all learned from their steadfast love for one another and the evidence of God’s goodness that they show us.“We are not done yet. We will not be done until the laws of the entire land and the whole church of God recognize the dignity of every human being and the equality of all faithful couples. Today, however, we are closer to the justice God calls us to seek.” Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Press Release Service Youth Minister Lorton, VA Associate Rector Columbus, GA Curate Diocese of Nebraska Submit a Press Release Submit a Job Listing Rector Knoxville, TN The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Rector Collierville, TN Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Joseph F Foster says: This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Featured Jobs & Calls Featured Events Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Advocacy Peace & Justice, Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Comments (5) June 26, 2013 at 8:06 pm Thank you, Gay for your continued incredible leadership. Heather Land says: In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Janet Chisholm says: An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET June 27, 2013 at 2:22 pm Thank you for your leadership and thank you for your words of inclusion. These words from Romans were read at Mass this morning. “Let us therefore no longer pass judgement on one another, but resolve instead to never put a stumbling block or hindrance in the way of another.” Rector Belleville, IL Rector Shreveport, LA Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Rector Bath, NC June 26, 2013 at 4:46 pm Thank you for your voice and leadership on this important human right! An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Rector Martinsville, VA Posted Jun 26, 2013 Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS June 26, 2013 at 11:19 pm The leadership and many followers of the denomination once known as the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America has chosen the path of wickedness, evil, and perversion. House of Deputies president on DOMA, Prop 8 rulings Rector Albany, NY Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Same-Sex Marriage Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Director of Music Morristown, NJ last_img read more

Curial Housing / PETITDIDIERPRIOUX Architects

first_img “COPY” Year: Housing ArchDaily Curial Housing / PETITDIDIERPRIOUX ArchitectsSave this projectSaveCurial Housing / PETITDIDIERPRIOUX Architects Area: 13285 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” Photographs CopyHousing•Paris, France Photographs: Sergio GraziaSave this picture!© Sergio GraziaRecommended ProductsWindowsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Casement Windows – Rabel 8400 Slim Super Thermal PlusFiber Cements / CementsULMA Architectural SolutionsPaper Facade Panel in Leioa School RestorationMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingMetallicsSculptformClick-on Battens in Ivanhoe Apartments“Making the neighborhood desirable again” was the challenge the developer Nexity and the city of Paris posed to the architects for the consultation launched in January 2014. The housing built on this lot, which was formerly occupied by an office building, is comprised of three types of housing (student, investor apartments, and first-time buyers). This project, consisting of two long and thin strips extending along the Rue Archereau and the Rue Curial respectively and open toward the 104 and the housing complex Les Orgues de Flandre, helps to restore calm and brings structure to the neighborhood.Save this picture!© Sergio GraziaWith its 300 apartments, this development project is one of the most important housing developments outside of a ZAC (Joint Development Zone) inside Paris proper. It has provided the opportunity to deal pragmatically with the issue of density with the aim of preserving everyone’s comfort.Save this picture!© Sergio GraziaSave this picture!Floor plamSave this picture!© Sergio GraziaThe project’s superstructure is superimposed atop the parking garage. Its two parts are placed in such a way as to create a void in the axis of the neighboring tower. The primary purpose of this superstructure is to create a genuine urban continuity, an alignment with the street, which has made it possible to open up the heart of the city block and to lay out a central garden there. The creation of a garden in the heart of the block preserves an opening in the axis of the neighboring tower by optimizing the openings to the south, thus views from the tower are unobstructed. Sunshine floods into this core area and all the apartments. The garden, narrowing at its center and shaped like a “butterfly” opens a scalloped volume shaped like a prow: on the south side, a more private area with private gardens and terraces, on the north side, a large green space.Save this picture!© Sergio GraziaA pedestrian pathway has been carved out, running from east to west, perpendicular to the central garden. Like a porch, it marks the entrances to the first-time buyer apartments, offering a glimpse of the heart of the lot and providing a genuine visual and pedestrian connection between the two streets. The project is located at the heart of the Flandre neighbor- hood, in the 19th arrondissement of Paris, which is easily identified owing to its architecture dating from the ‘60s and ‘70s (Martin Schulz Van Treeck Architect), and the juxtaposition of heterogeneous objects such as the 104 and various contemporary interventions. The boundaries of “public-private” remain relatively vague and contribute to blurring one’s grasp of the urban space despite the relatively abundant presence of green spaces.Save this picture!© Sergio GraziaSave this picture!© Sergio GraziaThe challenge in this highly restricted context was to favor environmental quality of life for future occupants, in order to fit the operation into the district’s long-term evolution. Quality of views, light and orientation were a key focus of conception, as well as the possibility of outdoor spaces for most apartments. The penthouses reaching up to G+8 and G+10 are slightly set back from the façades on the street side, which has allowed for the creation of broad terraces and outdoor spaces to the apartments on these levels. These setbacks also add an air of refinement to the façades, echoing the different dimensions of existing constructions in the urban landscape. Apartments located on the top floors have access to rooftop terraces, made accessible via an interior stairway in the apartment, which offer panoramic views over all of Paris, in a blending of near and far away environments.Save this picture!© Sergio GraziaProject gallerySee allShow lessNew Histories: Reshaping Traditional Housing in KuwaitArchitecture NewsDaisy House / IZ ArchitectsSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:12 Rue Curial, 75019 Paris, FranceLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard CopyAbout this officePETITDIDIERPRIOUX ArchitectsOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingParisOn FacebookFrancePublished on January 02, 2020Cite: “Curial Housing / PETITDIDIERPRIOUX Architects” 02 Jan 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodSiding Façade SystemWindowsMitrexSolar WindowMetal PanelsAurubisPatinated Copper: Nordic Green/Blue/Turquoise/SpecialMetal PanelsDri-DesignMetal Panels – CopperIn architectureSikaBuilding Envelope SystemsExterior DeckingLunawoodThermowood DeckingMembranesEffisusFaçade Protection – Breather+Metal PanelsPure + FreeFormCustom Metal Cladding – Legacy Fund 1 BuildingWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodWood Fiber Partition Walls – ValchromatDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile FILO 10 Vertical Pivot Door | BrezzaSkylightsFAKROEnergy-efficient roof window FTT ThermoToilets / BidetsBritexToilets – Accessible Centurion PanMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream France ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Projects Architects: PETITDIDIERPRIOUX Architects Area Area of this architecture project Curial Housing / PETITDIDIERPRIOUX Architects Save this picture!© Sergio Grazia+ 26Curated by Paula Pintos Share 2019last_img read more

Diageo North America Establishes Innovative Program With HBCUs to Develop Future Leaders and Help…

first_img Previous articleEverest Group zeichnet L&T Technology Services als „Leader“ für seine Angebote im Bereich Industrie 4.0 ausNext articleThe Latest: Fauci: Watch Super Bowl at home with household Digital AIM Web Support Diageo North America Establishes Innovative Program With HBCUs to Develop Future Leaders and Help Shape a More Equitable Society Twitter Local NewsBusiness WhatsApp WhatsApp Diageo North America establishes program with 25 HBCUs Twittercenter_img TAGS By Digital AIM Web Support – February 3, 2021 Pinterest Pinterest Facebook Facebooklast_img read more

Mc Conalogue criticises government for refusing to intervene in tillage crisis

first_img Twitter Google+ Business Matters Ep 45 – Boyd Robinson, Annette Houston & Michael Margey Almost 10,000 appointments cancelled in Saolta Hospital Group this week The Government has been criticised over its decision to rule out crisis funding for tillage farmers.The issue was raised in the Dail by Donegal Deputy Charlie McConalogue with Minister Michael Creed, with the Minister defending the government’s response to the crisis.That’s a stance described by Deputy Mc Conalogue, the Fianna Fail agriculture spokesperson as “extraordinary”It has been claimed that the North West region has been worst effected this year in terms of failed crops and poor land due to adverse weather.Deputy McConalogue says the decision leaves farmers in a desperate situation:Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. By admin – December 2, 2016 Pinterest WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR 70% of Cllrs nationwide threatened, harassed and intimidated over past 3 years – Report Google+ Facebookcenter_img Pinterest WhatsApp Homepage BannerNews Facebook LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton Minister McConalogue says he is working to improve fishing quota Previous articlePSNI announce details of Derry Road closures ahead of “Lundy’s Day”Next articleA5 improvements set to proceed after second legal challenge is dismissed admin Need for issues with Mica redress scheme to be addressed raised in Seanad also Mc Conalogue criticises government for refusing to intervene in tillage crisis Twitterlast_img read more

Right2Water Donegal take their campaign to Europe

first_img 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Previous articleDonahoe wants to upgrade N14 and N15 at the same time as the A5Next articleHighland Radio – Ireland’s No1 local radio station News Highland Facebook Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Google+ WhatsApp Homepage BannerNews Right2Water Donegal have this week lobbied the European Parliament in Brussels on the water charges issue in Ireland.Donegal representative Philip McFadden participated in the Brussels-based delegation on the Citizen’s Initiative.He was part of a group of Irish-based Right2Water representatives invited to the European Parliament by Dublin Sinn Féin MEP Lynn Boylan.Mr McFadden says the meeting was very worth while:Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Pinterest Twitter Facebookcenter_img Pinterest By News Highland – February 5, 2015 WhatsApp Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Right2Water Donegal take their campaign to Europe Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ Twitterlast_img read more

Plea Assailing Re-Commencement Of Physical Hearings & Filings In Kerala HC: SC Asks SG To Seek Instructions From HC

first_imgTop StoriesPlea Assailing Re-Commencement Of Physical Hearings & Filings In Kerala HC: SC Asks SG To Seek Instructions From HC Sanya Talwar17 July 2020 1:39 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Friday directed the Solicitor General to seek instructions from the Kerala High Court in a plea seeking quashing of Notice by the High Court, which mandates re-commencement of physical filings of applications/petitions, except bail pleas w.e.f. July 6 and for physical appearances except before Single Judges.A bench of Justices Ashok Bhushan, SK Kaul & MR Shah,…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Friday directed the Solicitor General to seek instructions from the Kerala High Court in a plea seeking quashing of Notice by the High Court, which mandates re-commencement of physical filings of applications/petitions, except bail pleas w.e.f. July 6 and for physical appearances except before Single Judges.A bench of Justices Ashok Bhushan, SK Kaul & MR Shah, though initially was not inclined to entertain the plea and asked the Petitioner to approach the Kerala High Court, it subsequently took note of the Counsel’s submission that the mandate could not be effectuated in light of the Coronavirus-induced situation.Advocate Natasha Dalmia for Petitioner: “There is containment zone around HC, physically impossible to go before Court in such a situation. Many lawyers are staying in Trivandrum, which is undergoing triple lockdown for a week. Impossible to head to Court”The plea has been filed by PG Aravind and invokes Article 32 of the Constitution citing various issues including exposure to the Virus and other constraints such as declaration of various zones as “containment areas”, lack of accessibility to logistical means such as printing, binding of paper books as well as travel restrictions due to the pandemic situation. In light of this, the petitioner seeks quashing of the notification which mandates physical filing(s) and appearances.”As is known, the Coronavirus can spread this way from contaminated sufaces and in case even one Registry person unfortunately gets infected, all court personnel who may come in contact stand to get infected….. Considering even the perspective of the lawyers who have to arrange for such physical filing, it is essential to consider that various areas having been declared containment zones making process of printing, binding of paper books etc. impossible. Not only is it difficult for lawyers and clerks to travel due to lockdown restrictions, it is also challenging to make such arrangements especially since a considerable number of litigants have limited access to printers” – Excerpt of PleaFurther to this, the plea cites the example of various high courts and tribunals across the country that have steered in the direction of conducting hearings only via Video Conferencing and e-filings, owing to the reported cases amongst registry members, clerical staff and others. “In view of the increasing number of covid-19 cases in the state of Kerala, the imposition of physical filing by litigants increases the risk of more people inclusive of the court staff being implemented… Owing to the reported cases amongst registry members, clerical staff or others, these forums have all been compelled to restrict operations and continue with e-filing only. lt is only natural that if physica filing is mandated, members of the registry, court staff as well as the Hon’ble Judges themselves shall be coming into contact with such document” – Plea StatesThe petitioner also contends that the time is ripe for onset of Community Transmission in the State of Kerala as it is currently battling the growing pace of the number of Covid-19 cases within its territory. Total cases within the state has increased to 4,465 as of 3 July 2020, which is nine times more than the 499 reported cases in May, 2020. Thus, it becomes extremely important to enforce measures of social distancing, he states.Assailing the notice in terms of directions for time-slot available for physical filings, the plea highlights that 10AM to 1 PM being the mandated time for filings will “only result in crowding of court clerks, advocates and litigants” and there is not safety measure which has been undertaken within the court premises to curb this.Pointing to Devika Biswas v. Union of India, the plea states that the Right to life as guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution of India includes the facet of right to health and hence all actions by state instrumentalities must protect such right. The petitioner also says that the notice is arbitrary and does not satisfy the “intelligible differentia” and rational nexus under Article 14 of the Constitution while mandating physical filings for one class of litigants and excluding bail applicants,”That the assailed Notice suffers from the vice of arbitrariness as it imposes physical filing for all other petitions excluding bail applications without providing reasons for such distinction since the risk of contracting the disease is the same”Click Here To Download PetitionSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

President Obama Reveals Lineup For South By South Lawn Festival At White House

first_imgIf Barack Obama wasn’t the most hipster president of the U.S. before, he certainly is now. President Obama recently announced the creation of a new event, South by South Lawn, which combines arts, music, and important discussions on key social issues. Taking place next Monday, October 3rd, Obama has detailed some of the festival’s events, which is being organized in conjunction with SXSW.The fest will see performances by The Lumineers, Sharon Jones & The Dap-Kings, and DJ Beverly Bond, and will also feature Leonardo DiCaprio premiering his new film Before The Flood, which features music from Trent Reznor and Mogwai. SXSL will also include a number of important discussions about change, tackling difficult problems, feeding the hungry, and more.You can see the full program information here. Additional artists are expected to join the lineup, and also the cast of Stranger Things will be on site to curate a student film showcase.last_img read more

Watch The All-Star “Purple Party” Prince Tribute Rage ‘Til Dawn In NOLA [Videos]

first_imgOn Sunday, May 6th, paying tribute to Minnesota’s favorite son, Prince, members of Snarky Puppy, The Motet, The Main Squeeze, Thievery Corporation, Turkuaz, The Magic Beans, The Nth Power, Mama Magnolia, and even Prince’s own bass player MONONEON gathered together at The Maison in New Orleans. Under the “Purple Party” banner, the group threw the funkiest and latest of late nights in honor of the late rocker, which was still packed and ragin’ six a.m. in the morning.Though Prince’s living reign may be tragically over, his legacy will be echoing for years to come thanks to generations who have grown up getting funky to the Purple One’s insane catalog of near-perfect tunes. To make the show celebrating the last night of Jazz Fest even more special, the setlist was no “Greatest Hits” affair, though big-name tunes like “Purple Rain”, “1999”, and “Kiss” were represented. The show saw deep dives into Prince’s entire body of work, including songs he gave to other artists and older projects like 94 East for a true representation of Prince’s prolific brilliance.The deep personal connection to Prince’s creations was apparent in the care and love each member of the seemingly never-ending parade of band members gave to the music. Whether it was Ryan Jalbert nailing the “Purple Rain” solo, his Motet bandmate Lyle Divinsky singing and strutting with eerily familiar energy, or the twin threats of Turkuaz’s Shira Elias and Sammi Garret hitting the notes that only they (and Prince) could, the passion was plain to see. Keyboardists Steveland Swatkins and Casey Russell traded keyboard licks and smiles of delight while a rotating rhythm section saw seemingly everyone in the house take a turn.Nikki Glaspie, drummer of The Nth Power, took a turn in the percussion pit, sitting down behind the main kit for a tune, before picking up a Stratocaster and playing guitar for a number. Vocalists like Megan Letts (Mama Magnolia), Corey Frye (The Main Squeeze), and Jessica Jones took their songs to incredible heights, as they each gave their all to honor their hero and, in many cases, inspiration for making music. Oh, and who better to slap the bass for the show than Prince’s hand-picked touring deep-end specialist MonoNeon?Though the musical guests and performers came close to boggling the mind, the focus was squarely on the man whose legacy these dedicated performers were honoring. We’ve got nearly the entire show ready for you to watch at your leisure with crystal-clear soundboard audio. That said, though the audio may be clear, it is nigh impossible to capture the spirit in the room when the music was pumping, the crowd was locked in a groove, and the musicians themselves were lost in their bliss.Setlist: Purple Party | The Maison | New Orleans, LA | 5/6/2018Set: Lets Go Crazy, D.M.S.R, Just As Long As We’re Together, Sexy Dancer, Lady Cab Driver, Musicology, I Wanna Be Your Lover, Soft And Wet, I Feel For You, Controversy, Call My Name, Partyup, Just Another Sucker, Head, Kiss, 1999, It’s Gonna Be Lonely, Baby I’m A Star, She’s Always In My Hair, Purple RainEncore: Jungle Love “Purple Rain”“Jungle Love”“1999”“I Wanna Be Your Lover”last_img read more

Spoiled opportunity

first_imgIn 1990, Northeastern lakes were becoming more acidic, threatening fish and other aquatic life and conjuring images of a future where lakes — even those in remote wilderness — were barren.The culprit was acid rain, generated by fossil fuel burning in automobiles and power plants that spewed sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, where it became sulfuric acid, falling in rain and as dry particles into lakes and forests.Today, the acid rain problem is greatly reduced. Bipartisan legislation passed in 1990 cut sulfur dioxide emissions over the next 17 years to half the level of 1980, reaching the legislated target three years ahead of schedule and providing health and environmental benefits estimated to outstrip costs by tens of billions of dollars.The sulfur dioxide regulatory system was adopted as part of the Clean Air Act of 1990. In it, total sulfur dioxide emissions were capped — enforced by a $2,000 per ton fine for excess emissions — and then permits were given to power plants across the country to emit a certain amount. Financial incentives for power plant cleanup came by making the emission permits tradable. That meant a plant that lowered emissions below the limit could sell the right to emit more sulfur dioxide to a plant that was having trouble meeting its target. The result was a system that provided incentives for power plant operators to switch to cleaner fuels, install smokestack scrubbers to clean emissions, shut down aging plants, and take other steps to clean emissions beyond the legal requirement.The program’s success made it a model of how a cap-and-trade regulatory scheme should work — everywhere but in the United States.A detail of one of the graphics used during the talk.Harvard environmental economist Robert Stavins said last week that national politics have “tainted” cap and trade, making it unlikely the country will adopt such a scheme to fight climate change anytime soon, even though similar plans are being adopted by other nations around the world.Stavins, the Pratt Professor of Business and Government at the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), talked about lawmakers’ solution to acid rain Sept. 13 during a seminar held by the Kennedy School’s Regulatory Policy Program, led by Joseph Aldy, assistant professor of public policy.“I think it is fair to say that it offered … a compelling demonstration of cap and trade and, more generally, of market-based interventions for environmental problems,” Stavins said.Drawing on a working paper he authored with Massachusetts Institute of Technology Professor Richard Schmalensee, Stavins outlined the program’s success as well as four “ironies” — one of which is today’s conservative opposition to an idea that had wide support among Republicans.“Conservatives have demonized their own policy innovation,” Stavins said.Other ironies include that the government did the right thing — reduce sulfur dioxide emissions — for the wrong reason: to clean up the environment. Estimates of the program’s benefits put the price of health improvements from improved air quality far higher than benefits to lakes and forests.Another irony was that unrelated government action — rail deregulation — helped ensure the success of this environmental policy. Deregulation lowered the cost of shipping lower-sulfur coal around the country, making a more environmentally friendly fuel cheaper. Stavins’ fourth point was that what the government gives, it can take away. Despite the program’s success, recent judicial decisions and regulatory changes have essentially brought it to an end.Cap and trade was considered a possible way to lower U.S. carbon dioxide emissions to fight climate change until the 2009 battles in Congress, which saw legislation pass the House and then die in the Senate. Republican opponents focused on a key difference between the 1990 and 2009 plans. In the cap and trade proposed for carbon dioxide, rather than giving away emission permits to get the system started, the law would have auctioned them off to emitters. This caused Republicans — some of whom doubt climate change science anyway — to fight against it as a tax.Objections based on fact or approach could have been negotiated, Stavins said. But instead of seeking explanation or compromise, the opposition mounted a campaign to demonize the legislation, labeling it “cap and tax” and in the process tarnishing the whole approach, he said.The political demise of a cap-and-trade system leaves a straight-out carbon tax as an alternative, which Stavins said has even less chance of passage.“If it is easy to demonize cap and trade as a tax, it’s a lot easier to demonize a tax as a tax,” Stavins said. “That probably means, given the political challenges of a carbon tax, the outlook for national policy is not good.”last_img read more