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According to the state,PR has become an integral and inseparable part of every organisation…Under the present circumstances there is a need for the PR professionals to update themselves with latest trends and technologies, he saidspeaking at the concluding session of 34th All India Public Relations Conference here Speaking on the theme ‘Communication Strategies for Travel and Tourism’he said after power and horticulture sectorstourism sector generates maximum revenue for Himachal He said travel and tourism had powerful impact on shaping the local communities and strengthening national economies which calls for proactive role of PR strategies EarlierHigh Commissioner of Mauritius Arye Juggesseurin his presidential address said continuous innovation is required in tourism sector He said such interactions would help in building a stronger relationship between India and Mauritius For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Pritha Chatterjee Tabassum Barnagarwala | Published: April 10 2016 12:50 am From heartbreak to peer pressure many factors culminate in anxietyfor teenagers Top News Every day was a struggle to stay off the internet to stop thinking about her — or to consider ending it all From among the top three students in his south Delhi school in Class X he barely managed 50 per cent in his first term in Class XI He failed in physics his favourite subject till a year ago “I could not concentrate on anything Everything seemed pointless I felt sad for my parents it felt like I was killing their hopes and aspirations…but if she did not want me I could not bring myself to do anything” he says He had “liked” her since they became classmates in Class VI five years ago She played basketball a good public speaker and had silky hair he says He was a plump child who loved graphic novels maths and science “In short I am a born nerd I knew she was out of my league” he says For the next two years he nursed his crush He started trying to lose weight His parents were surprised when he started waking up at 5 in the morning to go jogging before school He gave up the burgers he enjoyed He spent a lot of time on the internet building a “cool” profile on social networking sites “I started listening to the music she liked tried to improve my public speaking so I would have common interests with her I stopped reading comics and started reading about Indian history because she told me she wanted to be a historian…everything I did was for her” he says He looks at the floor when she speaks avoiding his mother’s gaze In Class X she started dating one of the senior boys He was heartbroken But his academics did not suffer then He says he thought if he did well she would notice him more maybe even consult him for her own studies In Class XI she moved to a different school That is when he started tracking her on social media He commented on every picture was the first to wish her on her birthday and her parents’ anniversary About six months ago when he could take it no more he texted her professing his love of years “She called me a psycho and a freak” he says still looking at the floor That is when he took to alcohol and then started to smoke Waking up every day was a task He hated meeting people “I wanted to be alone And figure things out myself But I am in Class XI…I had to work on my grades I had to study” he says He started walking away from the school bus stop “The first time I did it I was scared Then I got used to it Some days I would go and drink Or go into a cafe and read” he says On weekends he would lie in bed till afternoon “I hated the light I wanted to sleep and sleep” he says His parents realised something was amiss when they heard from his school teacher about eight months ago “He had not gone to school for two weeks But he would leave home every day for school When I asked him he started crying I was shocked…I just did not know how to deal with this” his mother who works as a financial consultant with a private bank says As her only son she said she knew she had spoiled him silly “Everyone said he was such a mama’s boy and we were so close I never imagined my son would not share something with me despite all the adolescent stereotypes we hear” she says Doctors have diagnosed him with depression coupled with substance abuse For the last six months he has been on medication and behavioural therapy He has also been attending a de-addiction clinic At school he says he makes excuses but he knows people have “guessed” “I am your quintessential hopeless geek lover If I was 30 I would not be given psychiatric medication but it makes my mother happy so whatever” he says with a shrug He says it’s two weeks since he last browsed through her profile “That’s the only good thing I am getting over her Earlier I would check her updates 20-25 times a day Who knows Maybe I am a freak I would have grown into some crazy stalker” he says as his mother ruffles his hair “Stop that You do not have to feel sorry for me” he says sharply It’s the best of times; it’s the worst of times Anyone who has been through adolescence would know it is not a time of equilibrium From wild hormonal swings to the discovery of sexual pleasure and doubts about one’s self-worth teenagers are vulnerable to a range of conflicting emotions It sometimes takes a gentle push to tip over to the dark side As India faces a crisis in mental health a substantial chunk consists of adolescents suffering from anxiety and depression a phenomenon that prevails across socio-economic strata A study published by the Indian Journal of Psychiatry in 2009 revealed that childhood and adolescent mental disorder rates stood at 125 per cent in the 0-16 age group in Bangalore 94 per cent in 8-12 years age bracket in Kerala and 63 per cent in 4-11 year age bracket in Chandigarh The overall figure in India stood between 6 and 15 per cent the same study suggested A Lancet study on adolescent mental health worldwide in 2007 said “Most mental disorders begin during youth (12–24 years of age) although they are often first detected later in life Poor mental health is strongly related to other health and development concerns in young people notably lower educational achievements substance abuse violence and poor reproductive and sexual health” In Maharashtra’s largest state-run hospital JJ Hospital Mumbai at least one teenager is brought for treatment of depression every day According to Sagar Mundada psychiatrist at the hospital the reasons for depression vary “In middle and higher income groups we are seeing a lot of cases of teenagers troubled by break-ups or peer pressure” he says Teenagers from working-class families are worn down by financial instability For the past decade psychiatry departments in at least three government and nearly all private hospitals in Delhi have been running weekly child and adolescent clinics Dr Rajesh Sagar professor of psychiatry at AIIMS who specialises in adolescent psychiatry says body image issues drive most of the symptoms of anger and aggression in teenagers who come to his out-patient department (OPD) While children returning from school to empty houses or not having enough people to communicate with is a persistent feature of modern urban life the internet has introduced another variable in this fraught equation “With it the whole milieu of adolescent life has changed Teenagers want to build an image of themselves on social media in keeping with trends and when that identity clashes with their real personality there is a lot of psychological conflict” says Dr Sameer Malhotra head of psychiatry at Max group of hospitals in Delhi It is not just that children are growing up without extended family support but that their lives have become too complex The worried parents of a 15-year-old single child in south Mumbai brought him to JJ Hospital in November 2015 after his academic performance dropped from over 95 per cent to less than 65 per cent He had become silent nightmares keeping him awake at night He had stopped playing or socialising and shut his parents out It took two sessions for therapists to figure out that he was being bullied by a senior He was a sensitive child and had silently absorbed the threats He had no siblings and few friends to share his troubles According to his parents his hands would tremble and he would sweat profusely and he would be scared the bully might hurt him physically The 15-year-old had a Cluster-C personality disorder which meant he was in need of constant care from his working parents and depended on them for support In their absence fear and anxiety led to depression It took four months to boost his confidence The bully’s parents were also informed Dr Azhar Hakim a psychotherapist in south Mumbai who has a sizeable portion of teenage patients believes what we know about adolescent depression is just the tip of the iceberg He points to the paradox that while parents are more indulgent lenient and sensitive to their offspring it has not stopped their children from feeling more and more unloved “Today’s kids are growing up in a vastly different cultural milieu where they are exposed to a lifestyle laid out for them by aspirational parents where they end up being more busy than a CEO The message being sent out to them is — ‘See what all we have done for you see the choices and opportunities you have that we never did’ That just adds to the pressure on children to live up to their parents’ expectation” says Hakim Deepali Raskar a counsellor at Dastur School in Pune says she comes across nearly two or three students every week who seem to be heading towards depression “The symptoms we watch out for are sudden aloofness from friends and family falling grades a dip in food intake difficulty in sleeping and self-harm among others” she says She believes children are being forced to fall back on themselves when they are not always emotionally equipped “Many students carry house keys to school as both their parents are working When the child reaches home he/she is all alone They have their lunch alone and then head for tuition or other classes They are completely on their own not every child can deal with that” she says For parents dealing with depression involves unlearning many things about parenting It has been a difficult journey for the mother of a 13-year-old who is a Class VII student at a public school in Delhi EveryWednesday she picks her daughter from school and drives 15 km from south to east Delhi The school knows that she is being ferried to Bharatnatyam classes but for the last six months or so she has been coming to meet her doctor “I would have taken her to a hospital right behind my house I know a senior consultant there but our neighbours and friends might get to know about her illness She is so young I have to protect her” says the woman a marketing executive from Gurgaon The teenager is being treated for anorexia nervosa anxiety and aggression It started last year with a call from school She had passed out during an assembly session “We conducted a series of tests and found out all her blood indicators were haywire She had not had her period for a month She was losing too much weight too soon” her mother says She had lost weight from 65 kg to 50 kg in two months Her parents scolded her and insisted she get regular about meals Her mother stopped allowing her to have dinner in her room “When I told her to eat in front of me she started crying She would eat one roti and then disappear into the bathroom” her mother recalls Each time she would force herself to puke what she ate When her parents were asleep she would weigh herself to ensure she had not gained anything from her “fake” meals as she describes them now She had to be hospitalised a month later when she weighed 45 kg That was six months ago Now the weekly OPD “sessions” involve she and her mother taking turns with the doctor for about 15 minutes each and then a 5-10 minute joint session Her grades are improving She still weighs only 53 kg and is particular about her exercise regimen “I was always thinking about food I saw people on the streets and wondered what they had eaten to stay thin or fat I was angry at myself at my mother for being fat” she says Her mother is shocked “You never told me this” she says Every day has been a discovery about her daughter she says ***** The lazy stereotype about mental illness being a poor little rich kid’s problem is a distortion of reality Doctors say while awareness about teenage psychiatric diseases has improved across social and economic strata the motivation in poor families particularly from rural areas to seek help for psychiatric disorders in adolescents is restricted to “preparing” teens for marriage “Most parents from rural areas and poor socioeconomic groups bring adolescents particularly girls to psychiatrists only when their marriage becomes a concern There is very little support in government schools and symptoms are missed Even if children face a problem there is really no one they can confide in” says Dr Deepak Kumar Srivastava acting head of the department of psychiatry and in-charge of the adolescent psychiatry clinic at the Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences (IHBAS) one of the few government hospitals in Delhi to run dedicated clinics for teenagers On a Wednesday afternoon at the IHBAS adolescent clinic a 16-year-old sits quietly absorbed in a copy of Tehelka Hindi A student of a state government school from Baghpat district UP in Class VII she had stopped going to school two years ago Her mother was surprised Of her five siblings including three brothers she had been the most regular and the one who never failed a subject “Her teacher said she was sleeping in class or drawing flowers in her notebook instead of doing mathematics I was surprised because she loved mathematics Even when she was 10 she could add up numbers and helped me maintain monthly accounts for groceries and crop sales” her mother a housewife said When her parents asked her about complaints from school she grew irritable But they did not pay much notice till she started behaving the same way at home “One night she simply forgot to make the rotis for dinner Her father slapped her when he found out there were no rotis and she just went out of the house at night” her mother says She returned home two hours later and slept Once she left her four-year-old nephew in the fields and returned home with the cows they had taken out to graze “She did not remember where she saw him last Her father raged at her again Thankfully we found him playing nearby” her mother says That is when she stopped talking to her father altogether About a year ago she said she wanted to drop out of school Her father did not protest “I thought she is getting old her mother should teach her housework she will need to start a family of her own soon Anyway she was already the most educated girl in our family” her father says Keeping her home did not help She lazed around and grew irritable at the mention of housework Her mother brought her to IHBAS where she was diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) According to Dr Srivastav “ADHD is easily spotted in children because of symptoms like hyperactivity and impulsiveness But inattention which is the most significant indicator of ADHD in adolescents is not so easy to identify so people often miss it” He says a significant number of teenagers seek medical help when the disease is at an advanced stage “I never thought she had a medical condition Her limbs were working fine she did not have a temperature she looked just fine she did not lose any weight I never heard of such a disease” her mother says She hid the diagnosis from her husband worried he would throw her out of the house His “acceptance” has come as the biggest relief “I would bring her alone to Delhi every week for two years in a bus One day my husband followed us I was worried he would say she was a freak and ask me to throw her out But look at him now” she says wiping away a tear Her husband a dairy farmer has been learning to read from his daughter she says “But she has not forgiven him for slapping her I guess she will some day” she says Dressed in a green salwar kameez the teenager shrugs her shoulders when asked if she feels any better after the treatment “I can read now again So I guess I am better I was just angry and my mind was clogged earlier Everyone thought it was about a boy and my father kept asking if it was a high caste boy…my parents don’t understand me” she says when they are called in by the doctor for a conversation She started writing to clear her thoughts — an idea suggested by the psychologist during a behavioural therapy session Every night she writes one page and shows her week’s collection to her doctor Topics range from the stove a pair of her brother’s jeans she had to wash and her mother So why has she not forgiven her father yet “Because I know he is bringing me to Delhi only because he wants me to be ‘ready’ for marriage He does not know I am going to get re-enrolled at school again next year There has been a gap but my doctor has told me when I get better that will not be a problem” she says In most cases Dr Srivastav says girls are brought by their mothers “Fathers are usually single breadwinners and they cannot afford to waste a day’s work In many cases mothers are scared to tell their husbands if the girls are on psychiatric medication” he says Frail as they are sometimes teenagers can also be trusted to do the right thing for themselves In December 2015 a 17-year-old sat at Marine Drive when the thought came suddenly “I felt like jumping into the ocean” he later told his therapist It was not the first time Nonetheless something must have scared him either the crowd walking on the promenade or thoughts of his family waiting at his home in Geeta Nagar slum a 20-minute walk away He did not attempt suicide that day Instead by December end he mustered courage to visit Gokuldas Tejpal Hospital for counselling His anxiety had crept upon him during the mid-term Class X exam when his father an alcoholic lost his job as a private security guard The Rs 15000 per month income disappeared leaving behind a mother younger sister and jobless father to look after “Boys react differently than girls to family’s economic stability” says psychiatrist Mundada who counseled the student of a government school in Colaba His inability to support the family led to immense frustration He withdrew from his parents started eating less and while he could earlier read 10 pages in an hour it now took him one hour to read a page As he slid into depression he chanced upon an article on depression in a newspaper Without telling his parents he visited Gokuldas hospital and poured his heart out to the psychiatrist on duty “I was surprised A lot of people in depression do not understand or admit they are depressed” Mundada says Doctors say his condition has improved “We counselled him to not take the family’s onus on himself” says Mundada He is on a six-month-long medication of anti-depressants — the pills are a secret stashed away from his parents’ reach (With inputs from Garima Mishra and Sunanda Mehta) For all the latest Lifestyle News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Agencies | Mumbai | Published: December 22 2009 12:07 pm Related News Unidentified men attacked some pilgrims sleeping outside the famous Siddhivinayak temple in Central Mumbai late last night No arrests have been made in this regardpolice said Reacting to video clippings of the pilgrims being beaten by peopleMNS leader Atul Sarpotdar said his party had no role in the incident “Maybesome local residents were involved” he told For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Related NewsThis week we chat about kissing communication in ants building immune strength by climbing the social ladder and a registry for animal research with Online News Editor David Grimm Plus Science’s Alexa Billow talks to Bjorn Emonts about the birth of stars in the Spiderweb Galaxy 10 billion years ago Related research on immune function and social hierarchy Listen to previous podcasts [Image:Lauren Brent;Music: Jeffrey Cook]Logan Prickett (right) works through math problems with tutor Jordan Price (left) Matt Kemp/Auburn University at Montgomery After a coma left him blind and in a wheelchair this undergrad invented a new way of teaching math By Kai SinclairAug 17 2017 1:45 PM Logan Prickett had been in a coma for nearly 12 days The 13-year-old from Ohatchee Alabama had gone in for a routine MRI but soon slipped into unconsciousness a rare allergic reaction to the contrast agents in his MRI His family thought he would never wake up When he did he couldn’t walk he lost many fine motor skills and he couldn’t raise his voice above a whisper He was also almost completely blind For an active teen like Prickett the changes were devastating But his mind was still the same But when he returned to school a year later he faced a slew of obstacles to learning advanced math He could no longer read textbooks and his limited range of motion prevented him from using Braille’s math equivalent When in 2014 he enrolled in Auburn University at Montgomery (AUM) in Alabama as a psychology major his frustrations peaked: How was he supposed to learn the precalculus and advanced statistics he would need to earn his degree and get into graduate school Before Prickett’s first year began he met Ann Gully a science technology engineering and math (STEM) tutoring coordinator at AUM She wanted to do everything she could to help him and she started by making sandpaper cutouts of numbers and symbols hoping Prickett might be able to literally feel his way through the math problems But after several unsuccessful attempts she realized it was going to take more “We were just going to have to describe this math to him and describe it in a way that he wouldn’t get lost in the weeds” Most blind students solve math by touch The Nemeth Code—a version of Braille for math that codes for everything from fractions to trigonometric functions—is the “gold standard” for math education among visually impaired students Gulley says But students with limited mobility like Prickett have to use other methods including software that converts equations into speech But these programs were designed to turn regular text into speech—not walk students through complex math problems So Gulley and Prickett decided to invent their own system They reached out to Jordan Price an undergraduate studying ecological population models who worked as a math tutor Together the three started a process of trial and error: Price would first describe the “landscape” of an algebra problem laying out the main objective He would then break it down into auditory “chunks” each of which was a definition a value or some other factor related to the problem Prickett could interrupt at any time to ask questions When Prickett was satisfied that he understood the equation he could tell Price how to simplify it or solve for smaller parts With each change Price would read back the newly edited problem Though solving problems this way takes a lot of time Prickett says the difference between doing math with and without it is “like night and day” Breaking larger complex problems into smaller pieces gives him time to create a mental picture of the problem he’s working through Their efforts paid off: In 2015 Prickett earned an A in his college algebra class That got the team wondering whether other students could benefit In 2015 they formed the Logan Project and started tailoring their teaching method—called process-driven math (PDM)—for students with other impairments including dyslexia and dysgraphia a learning disorder associated with impaired handwriting When their first group of students showed noticeable improvements in math comprehension and problem solving they reached out to Rice University in Houston Texas to expand the program Last month the joint team was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant of $591622 for a 2-year research project involving 300 students with and without disabilities at seven institutions including three colleges for the blind I don’t want anyone to get the impression that we think we’ve found the equivalent of the fountain of youth and we’re going to solve all math problems Ann Gulley Auburn University at Montgomery But not everyone is thrilled about the new method “No professionally trained individual working in the blindness field would ever adopt this process” says Gaylen Kapperman who teaches math education for the visually impaired at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb That’s because the average brain can hold only seven or so discrete items in short-term memory at once Trying to do advanced processing using only sound would overtax that load he says The new method works well for Prickett because it was in essence designed for him “This is not going to work for blind kids across the nation” Kapperman says That’s the very reason Gulley and her team applied for the NSF grant: They want to build a larger body of evidence on how PDM might work for a wide range of learners L Penny Rosenblum an educational researcher and professor of practice at the University of Arizona in Tucson applauds the team’s efforts She says the current lack of resources for nonvisual students gives the Logan Project great potential Prickett says he hopes that as the project expands other students won’t have to struggle like he did The eventual goal says Gulley is to use student feedback to refine the program so that it can be used more widely—perhaps even through computer software for teachers and students “I don’t want anyone to get the impression that we think we’ve found the equivalent of the fountain of youth and we’re going to solve all math problems” she says “We are looking to create additional tools to students who need barriers reduced to mathematics”6%) is distributed in low- and middle-income countries,Not only does the branch lack basic facilities, Some deep, Each design was incredibly in-tune with the personalities and lifestyles of the families who live there. poachers however managed to kill at least 20 rhinos in the state in the passing year, tanghavri) Related News Karisma Kapoor and Kareena Kapoor Khan are usually lauded for their elegant sense of styling. Justice Bhagwati, stretching from Kochi to Dubai and the US.

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